Andreas Protopapas is an acknowledged expert in the identification of hardy waterlilies.
Kit Knotts photo: Received from Rich Sacher, American Aquatic Gardens, in 1997.
Billy Bates photo: Received from Springtime Nursery.
Alan Montour photos: Received from Valley View Farms.
Mauro Bergamo photo: Taken at Water Plants Italy, the collection of Manlio Calvisi.
Pairat Songpanich photos: Taken in the garden of Primlarp Wasuwat, Patumtani, Thailand.
Provenance provides the history of and chain of ownership of plants pictured on this web site. Each image in the cultivar and species galleries has been researched to the best of our ability for accuracy. Print references for waterlilies can be found in the Bibliography of Names. Images have also been reviewed by acknowledged experts. When possible we provide this provenance, from the hybridizer, back to the hybridizer or, for older cultivars, back to an expert source.